The Unrepentant Individual

...just hanging around until Dec 21, 2012

January 11, 2006

UPS – For When a Senator Needs it to Get There!

Kennedy and Specter Go At in Hearings

It seems ever-popular Teddy Kennedy got into it today with Arlen Specter during the Alito hearings. Kennedy is very interested in certain sealed records in the Library of Congress, to the point where he wants an executive session of the committee to grant a subpeona to open those records. But the below exchange was particularly interesting.

SPECTER: Well, we’ll consider that, Senator Kennedy. There are many, many requests which are coming to me and many quarters. And, quite candidly, I view the request — if it’s really a matter of importance, you and I see each other all the time and you have never mentioned it to me. And I do not ascribe a great deal of weight — we actually didn’t get a letter, but…
KENNEDY: You did get a letter. Are you saying…
SPECTER: Well, now wait a minute; you don’t know what I got. I’m about to…
KENNEDY: Yes I do, Senator, since I sent it.
SPECTER: Well, the sender does not necessarily know what the recipient gets, Senator Kennedy. You are not in a position to say what I receive. If you’ll bear with me for one minute.
KENNEDY: But I am in a position to say what I sent to you on December 22.
SPECTER: You’re in a position to tell me what you sent.

Hey, Teddy… How did you send it? Hopefully you didn’t send it by the woefully inadequate United States Postal Service, did you? You should know not to trust government with anything; your feckless, incompetent butt is running it!

Repeat after me, Ted: UPS. You hear me? United Parcel Service. A private company. You know why? Signature confirmation. You can tell Specter exactly what day he received the letter and who signed for it. Can’t do that with the USPS, can you?

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John Stossel on Education

John Stossel – Public Schools Are Cheating the Children

Government monopolies routinely fail their customers.

Kaat Vandensavel runs a Belgian government school, but in Belgium, school funding follows students, even to private schools. So Vandensavel has to work hard to impress the parents. “If we don’t offer them what they want for their child, they won’t come to our school.” That pressure makes a world of difference, she says. It forces Belgian schools to innovate in order to appeal to parents and students. Vandensavel’s school offers extra sports programs and classes in hairdressing, car mechanics, cooking, and furniture building. She told us, “We have to work hard day after day. Otherwise you just [go] out of business.”

“That’s normal in Western Europe,” Harvard economist Caroline Hoxby told me. “If schools don’t perform well, a parent would never be trapped in that school in the same way you could be trapped in the U.S.”

Vandensavel adds, “America seems like a medieval country . . . a Communist country on the educational level, because there’s no freedom of choice — not for parents, not for pupils.”

In kindergarten through 12th grade, that is. Colleges compete, so the United States has many of the most prestigious in the world — eight of the top 10 universities, on a Chinese list of the world’s top 500. (The other two are Cambridge and Oxford.)

Accountability is why universities and private schools perform better. Every day they are held accountable by parents and students, and if they fail the kids, school administrators lose their jobs. Public school officials almost never lose jobs.

Couldn’t have said it better myself. This country NEEDS to find a way to break the NEA teachers union, or it’s never going to get better.

Always remember, the NEA is acting in the interests of their constituents. Those constituents are teachers, not students. The NEA primarily wants more funding and smaller class sizes. What does that mean? Higher salaries for teachers, and a greater number of teachers required to fill those smaller classes. No correlation has been shown between either higher funding or smaller class sizes and improved student performance, but that doesn’t change a thing. What do they try to avoid? Accountability and merit-based compensation. The two things that are most likely to actually have effects.

One primary reason I moved was that I knew I couldn’t bring myself to put my kids into a California public school. I plan to be the type of parent that can hold enough accountability over my children to educate them regardless of the quality of school in which they’re enrolled, but the more help I have from the local school, the better. To engage in choice and competition, I had to either choose to spend scarce dollars while living in a very high-cost-of-living state on private schooling, or leave that state entirely. I’m very lucky in that I had opportunities to make that move through my company, and an understanding wife who wanted to move as well. I’d love to see people with less freedom (whether due to work, family, etc) have options for choice as well, but we need to eviscerate the NEA to have a chance at reaching that point.

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The Real OC Housewives

Bravo Trains Lens on Real-life ‘Housewives’

First there was “The O.C.,” followed not long after by the verite version, MTV’s “Laguna Beach.”

Then came “Desperate Housewives,” taking the prime-time soap to levels not seen since the heyday of “Dallas” and “Dynasty.” Now, perhaps inevitably, someone is training cameras on non-actresses who live out their own dramas in an upscale community.

This spring, cable network Bravo will unveil “The Real Housewives of Orange County,” which will follow five women who live in a gated community in O.C., south of Los Angeles. In keeping with its fictional template, four of the women, among them a former Playboy Playmate and a “self-made” insurance broker, are in their 40s, while the fifth, a newcomer to the community, is younger.

Great… My wife never really watched The OC. But she loved Laguna Beach: The Real OC. Likewise, she never really got into Desperate Housewives, but when I told her about this new show, she seemed excited. So I have a feeling that once this comes on the air, I’ll have even more time for blogging!

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January 10, 2006

Is This Why Test Scores are so Bad?

Ezra Klein: Death to the Morning!

Brain scientists want high schools to start later so teens can sleep. Research shows that body clocks run later in teens than in adults and younger kids: In teens, a sleep-inducing hormone doesn’t start rising till 10 or 11 p.m. and doesn’t let up till 8 a.m. Some high schools are starting later; others are considering it. Skeptical parents say adjusting the school day would 1) interfere with after-school jobs and 2) give in to teens who stay up late playing video games or chatting on the phone. But some scientists say 1) we should respect kids’ sleep needs the way we respect their nutritional needs, and 2) sending them to school at 7 a.m. just teaches them to dope themselves with coffee.

My senior year, they scheduled the AP Physics and AP Chemistry classes for the same time period during the day. The Physics class was over-full, so they wanted to break it into two sessions, but that room was booked all day long. Classes started at 7:20 for most students. So they created a period for those of us dedicated folks starting at 6:25 AM, so that we could come in early and get our AP Physics fix. I bought a coffee maker for the room, and we’d have coffee every morning during class… It was quite a good time.

They enticed us into this arrangement by offering us early departure each day. Fall semester that year I got out of school at noon every day. Spring semester, I got out of school at 1:30, but ended up having an hour and a half for lunch each day. That was a fun year…

As for performance, I got a 5 (the highest possible score) on both halves of the AP Physics test, so maybe it’s just the fact that– unlike most current high schoolers– I wasn’t all doped up on behavioral modification drugs.

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The Spread Option: Next Big Thing in College Football?

In the past, I’ve discussed some of the changes taking place over the years of the role of the quarterback in football. In that discussion, I talked quite a bit about how the interplay between offense and defense has changed the entire style of the game, and how it is a constant battle between the two.

In college football, about 15-20 years ago, the option offense basically disappeared from most programs. The option is called such because there is in essence, one basic play called, but based on the decision of the quarterback, the play can develop along several different “options”. For a short description of how it works, the offense lines up in a normal set, the quarterback takes the snap, and starts down the line as in a quarterback sweep. At the same time, the running back is running the same direction, a few yard farther behind the quarterback (but ahead of him laterally), waiting for the quarterback to pitch him the ball. The quarterback has a decision to make based upon the defensive end. The defensive end can choose to move to tackle the QB or float out to be ready to tackle the running back, but he can’t do both. So if the defensive end comes after the QB, the QB pitches to the running back, who now has open field to run. If the defensive back moves to cover the running back, the QB keeps the ball and turns upfield for a several yard gain.

The basic goal of any offensive scheme is to neutralize advantages inherent in a defense. Because typically only a few offensive players on a team will ever recieve the ball, yet all defenders tackle, it is necessary to beat defenses in a numbers game in which they hold a distinct advantage. The goal for any offense is to get a ball-carrier or receiver into one-on-one matchups, forcing a defender to react to the actions of your offensive player, a situation in which they can make mistakes allowing big plays. Defenses are based on assignments, of finding a specific area of the field that is their responsibility to defend. Against running plays, a defensive end’s job is to be the “contain” man on plays heading outside, forcing plays inside where the rest of the defense is waiting. Brian Urlacher, linebacker in the Chicago Bears very formidable defense, said recently in an interview that the strength of the defense is that everyone knows and executes their assignment. Essentially, defenders know where to be to stop plays, and as long as they make it to their assignment, they will either stop the play or disrupt it enough to allow other defenders to support them.

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Voter Fraud Really Does Occur!

In a debate with a friend over a Georgia judge calling an ID requirement a poll tax if required for voting, that friend said that it’s really just a way to keep poor lazy people from voting. Of course, she didn’t put it like that, but I can read between the lines. She said that illegal immigrants and legal voters won’t really try to cast illegal ballots, because there’s just not much of a point to doing so. After all, how many people do you think really take voting seriously enough to do it illegally, but not legally?

According to the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, enough to sway an election:

The grimy stucco storefront at 169 Trinity Ave. houses the Atlanta Recovery Center, a shelter for homeless men fighting drugs and alcohol. It also is home — on paper, anyway — to 208 registered voters.

One purportedly is 102 years old. Four are sex offenders who list the shelter as their permanent residence. Twenty of the 208 have cast ballots at least once since 2004.

It’s anybody’s guess, though, as to where they actually live or where they should be registered to vote. With at least three registered twice, it’s not clear how many of them really exist.

Georgia relies on an honor system that assumes voters live at the addresses they submit when they register. These addresses determine voters’ precinct assignments and, consequently, the elections in which they may cast ballots.

The honor system failed in the Atlanta City Council’s 6th District, the Journal-Constitution found.

Five votes separated the two candidates in November’s election. But the newspaper identified seven voters who claim as their home addresses one of two UPS Stores on Monroe Drive, where each rents a mailbox. Another voter in the 6th District last November recorded his address as an apartment at 541 10th Street N.E. — the location of the tennis courts at Grady High School.

None of those eight — whose ballots could have swayed the election’s results — should have been allowed to vote while registered at inaccurate addresses. But they are just a few among at least 2,000 in Fulton and other metro Atlanta counties who claim to reside at addresses that are not residential at all.

(emphasis added)

Now, in anything but a very close race, simple statistics will probably show that the number of illegally cast ballots is miniscule compared to those that are legal. And if Florida in 2000 is any indication, the inability of people to successfully be literate and comprehend a ballot– knowing who they’re actually voting for– is probably a bigger problem than illegal ballots. While it might be smart for the future of the country, even I’m not ready to call for an IQ test as a precondition to vote. But is it too much to ask that there be at least some accountability?

Five votes in one Atlanta City Council district. This is, without a doubt, within the statistical margin of error of any election. No matter what, there is no certain way to prove that this election was decided correctly. But that doesn’t mean that we should leave open as many loopholes and potential avenues for fraud as exist today. Even if we do solve the problem of addresses and require someone to show ID, it won’t solve the problem completely (as when I lived in California, I never actually updated my driver’s license address despite moving about 4 times). But it might narrow the margin of error. And if we narrow the margin of error, people may grow more certain that their own vote will be counted correctly and not cancelled by a vote cast illegally.

After the 2000 Presidential Election, and constant electoral battles at the state and local level since, is it too much to ask that we take this process seriously? When we (unfortunately) allow government to grow so large that the people running it have enormous, nearly unchecked power, I consider it important that the people rightfully elected to wield that power are the ones who reach office, not simply whoever has the better lawyers. I understand it’s asking a lot to expect government to be able to successfully purge illegal voters off the rolls without stripping the rights of legal voters; and to enact policies that ensure that voting is a fair process, a right open to all who are legally entitled to exercise it. But if we can’t trust our government to ensure that our elections are decided correctly, how can we trust them to do anything else?

Hat Tip: Matt Duffy

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January 9, 2006

IRS Hiding Its Tracks, As Usual

IRS Said to Improperly Restrict Access

The Bush administration has illegally stopped making public detailed tax enforcement data, which has been used to show which kinds of taxpayers get the most and toughest audits, a noted tax researcher says.

As the story later shows, it does sound like the IRS is acting in violation of a court order, but I wouldn’t necessarily trust the charge being leveled by a “noted tax researcher” instead of a lawyer or judge. And it’s not shown whether this activity is at the behest of the Bush administration. I’ll go on with the rest of the story, which sounds like a government agency dodging accountability (certainly consistent with previous Bush administration behavior), but I wanted to point out a couple of things that don’t necessarily add up here at the beginning. The charges that it is illegal (with any certainty) or that it is related to the Bush administration (with any certainty) are unsubstantiated.

Syracuse University Professor Susan B. Long said in papers filed in U.S. District Court in Seattle late last week that since Nov. 1, 2004, the Internal Revenue Service has violated a 1976 court order requiring the release of the data.

IRS spokesman Terry Lemons responded Friday, “We do not believe we are in violation of the court order.”

Long, who has researched and written about federal tax administration for more than 30 years, used the Freedom of Information Act to win the court order in 1976 directing the revenue agency to provide her regularly with its data on criminal investigations, tax collections, the number and hours devoted to audits by income level and taxpayer category and other enforcement records.

Since 1989, her FOIA requests have been submitted by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse, a data-research organization at Syracuse of which she is co-director.

TRAC has used the records to report in 2000 that the Clinton administration was auditing poor people at a higher rate than rich people and in 2004 that business and corporate audits were down substantially and criminal tax enforcement was at an all-time low. TRAC also reported that in fiscal 2002-2004 IRS audited on average only a third of the largest corporations, which control 90 percent of all corporate assets and 87 percent of all corporate income.

Now we’re getting somewhere. Susan Long and her organization are acting as a watchdog to ensure that our government isn’t playing favorites. I’m not sure if there is a political motivation behind her group or not, but the more watchdogs looking after the government, the better. Which is why it’s especially pernicious that they’ve stopped responding to her requests.

They’ve been lax in providing any data past Mar 2004. The last time they presented any new data was Nov 2004, when they provided the report detailing activity until Mar 2004, and they again responded in April 2005, but there was no new data in this report. Susan Long had been requesting data annually (by court order, she apparently is entitled to data on a quarterly basis), but has been ramping up the rate of her requests since the IRS stopped complying.

This brings up a lot of very troubling questions. It goes without saying that I don’t trust the IRS. But now they appear to be actively hiding what they’re doing, and have stopped providing some of the data they readily gave in the past. From all I know of government, they’re not just trying to reduce workload, because every bureaucrat in existence loves to have more people working underneath them.

Are they actively trying to hide certain data? Is this data something that we, as a public, would find compelling to know? Is the Bush administration tied up in this at all? I’d like some answers.

(cross-posted at The FairTax Blog)

IRS Hiding Its Tracks, As Usual :: The Fair Tax Blog linked with IRS Hiding Its Tracks, As Usual :: The Fair Tax Blog
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Vince Young Declares For NFL Draft

Texas QB Vince Young Headed to NFL Draft

With a national championship, a litany of school records and one spectacular Rose Bowl performance, Vince Young figures he’s done all he can at the college level. So, the Texas quarterback is going to the NFL.

Young announced Sunday he’ll skip his senior season to enter the NFL draft, taking the leap many expected after leading the Longhorns to a 41-38 victory over Southern California for Texas’ first national title in 36 years.

“It’s been a really fun ride. It’s been really beautiful, and I’ll cherish my memories for the rest of my life,” Young said at a campus news conference to announce his decision.

“I feel like I accomplished everything I wanted to accomplish in college,” Young said.

And he immediately set the bar for his pro career pretty high.

“I will not let you down. I will be a hard worker and do what it takes to not only be a role model, but make it to the Hall of Fame, and that’s the biggest it can be,” Young said.

Wow. Vince must not be known for his modesty. Already predicting a hall of fame run?

Of course, from what I’ve seen, barring injury, he’ll make it in there.  He is just that good. After watching his performance in the Rose Bowl, I believe he should have taken the Heisman race, not Reggie Bush.  As my coworker said to me, he made USC’s defenders look “silly”. Anyone who can have a level of performance that far ahead of defenders on one of college football’s best teams has something truly special.

I know most Texas fans are sad to see Vince leave, but frankly, he had nothing left to accomplish with the Longhorns. He’s a cut above, and he needs to make his jump now.

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Schwarzenegger is a Hacker*?

Gov. Schwarzenegger Receives Stitches

Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger doesn’t plan to change his schedule even though he received 15 stitches in his lip for injuries sustained when his motorcycle collided with a car, his spokeswoman said.

The governor was expected to keep his appointments Monday, spokeswoman Margita Thompson said.

Schwarzenegger was riding his motorcycle Sunday with his 12-year-old son, Patrick, in the sidecar, when a car backed out of a driveway in the Brentwood section, Thompson said.

He rides a sidecar?! No wonder he couldn’t avoid the car. Motorcycles are light, agile, and maneuverable. When you strap a sidecar onto them, all of a sudden they lose all handling advantages they once had over a car. I’m sure Maria probably wanted him to start riding a bike with a sidecar to be more “safe”; adding a sidecar to a motorcycle is anything but. As a sidecar proponent puts it:

The ride is something like, well, maybe a truck with two bad left shocks? Seriously, I’ve ridden a few and all have types their own unique suspension and ride but all that I’ve ridden share some of the same ride characteristics. Because of the nature of sidecars, your high seating position on the bike and lean out (discussed later), you feel like you are being thrown away from the chair when you hit bumps. Trust me – the sensation goes away after a while.

Glad to hear he and his son are both okay, though. I know people who’ve walked away from very high-speed crashes with no injuries, and people who have hurt themselves badly in “minor” low-speed crashes. But, I guess you can’t injure Conan, huh?

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January 8, 2006

India Iced Over

Delhi gets first winter ice in 70 years, Indian cold toll rises

The Indian capital has seen its first winter frost in 70 years as a cold wave sweeping in from the frigid heights of the Himalayas killed more people in northern India overnight.

The capital city of 14 million people ordered schools shut for three days beginning Monday as the mercury for the first time since 1935 plummeted to 0.2 degrees C (32.36 F) Sunday, leaving mounds of ice on cars parked in the open.

White-laced streets greeted early risers in New Delhi but any novelty value brought by the cold temperatures soon died as frost on power cables sparked partial power cuts across large swathes of the crowded city, the privately-run BSES utility provider said.

In 1935, Delhi recorded minus 0.6 degrees Celsius.

The real question is: How long it will take to blame this on global warming?

With this news, however, comes sadder news.

The toll from the cold wave, meanwhile, rose to 137 as the eastern Indian state of Bihar reported that 10 people, mostly homeless, had died of the cold since the beginning of last month.

Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous and one of its poorest states, so far accounts for 104 of the deaths, police spokesman Avinash Mehrotra said in the provincial capital of Lucknow.

It is always sad to see, no matter whether it is the US or elsewhere, that even with the tremendous increase in standard of living, we still see such large numbers of poor and elderly people die simply due to heat or cold. Only two and a half years ago, we saw almost 15,000 die in France, a modern, industrialized nation, due to heat.

I’m sure it’s simply wishful thinking to believe that we may someday completely eliminate this problem, but I know it can be made better than it is today. But the experience of France vs the US shows one thing is true: it will be capitalism, not government, that makes the biggest dent in solving this issue. People are best able to fight heat and cold when their standard of living allows them to afford homes with heat and air conditioning. Capitalism is the absolute best engine towards achieving that reality.

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January 7, 2006

Irish Red Ale

There’s a reason I’m not often allowed in the kitchen… Looks like a hurricane came through…


Yep, today was the first attempt at brewing. In about 4-6 weeks, after it completes first fermentation, second fermentation, and about 2 weeks in bottles, I’ll get a chance to sample my work. But everything seemed to occur just as the directions said it would, so I think it will turn out well.

Overall, this was a very interesting project. If nothing else, I’m going to start learning a lot more about what makes beer into beer, what affects the flavors and colors, and how to craft the taste one is searching. During the brew process, I opened and smelled the first package of hops, and immediately thought it smelled like beer. At the end of the brew process, when it came time to add the second package of hops, I opened those and suddenly realized exactly where the “Irish Red Ale” flavor came from. That package of hops smelled like a bottle of Killians. Very nice.

So here is the current state:

First Fermentation

Next up, some Phat Tyre Amber Ale :-)

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January 6, 2006

Nyah, Nyah!

Is it too late to change to a different army?

AMSTERDAM (Reuters) – Dutch troops helping earthquake survivors in Pakistan have complained that while they are subject to an alcohol ban, Spanish and British soldiers laugh at their austerity and turn up drunk at their campfire.

“We were told before we arrived that alcohol was banned in this country or else very difficult to get hold of and we accepted this,” one soldier told the Dutch daily De Telegraaf.

“The Spanish drive around with cars full of Heineken … and the English laugh at us when they show up at our campfire drunk,” another Dutch soldier said.

Remember when you used to get grounded as a kid? While you were stuck in your room “thinking about what you’ve done”, your friends are all playing in the yard across the street, loudly and boisterous, and you’re stuck trying to find ways to tune them out amuse yourself (is it any wonder I love reading so much)?

I see life doesn’t change much when you become a soldier. Maybe we should send some books their way?

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Democrats in 2006

AP Poll Shows that Americans want Democrats to Regain Congress in 2006

In an ominous election-year sign for Republicans, Americans are leaning sharply toward wanting Democrats to take control of Congress, an AP-Ipsos poll finds. Democrats are favored 49 percent to 36 percent.

“I don’t think anyone is hitting the panic button,” said Rich Bond, a former Republican National Committee chairman. “But there is an acute recognition of the grim environment that both parties are operating in.”

“If the Democrats had any leadership or any message, they could be poised for a good year,” Bond said. “But in the absence of that, they have not been able to capitalize on Republican woes. Because of the size of the GOP majority, Democrats have to run the board, and I don’t see that happening.”

Wow… 49 percent to 36 percent? That’s a pretty big margin. Things are looking pretty grim for the Republicans…

Or are they?

It seems that of the people polled, a large margin would like to see a change. But with gerrymandered districts and no correlation between this poll and the voters in contested districts, there’s not much real news here.

So I look where I always look, TradeSports currently has two contracts running. The two below contracts are traded on a scale of 0 to 100, where 100 will be the value of the contract if the Republicans gain control, and 0 will be the value if the Democrats gain control. It’s a rough estimate, but you can consider the value of the contract a percentage estimate of how likely it is that the contract’s result occurs:

SENATE.GOP.2006: Currently trading at 76.1
HOUSE.GOP.2006: Currently trading at 70.3

So the people laying their money on the line think it’s pretty likely that the Republicans will keep Congress. Given their performance, I wouldn’t mind a little gridlock, but I prefer the Republican Congress/Democrat President variety, as it results in the best fiscal results we usually ever see. But for everyone pulling for a Republican congressional victory in 2006, it is not yet time to fret.

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Affiliate Strategy

As you can all see, there are a much greater number of ads sprinkled over on that left sidebar. I have chosen to work with affiliate programs rather than something like Google Adsense, as it gives me more control over which ads I display and which I do not.

All ads displayed on The Unrepentant Individual will satisfy a few possible reasons:

1. It will be a product/web site that I personally use.
2. It will be a product/web site that I would consider using.
3. It is a product/web site that comes recommended to me from a source I trust.

I have arranged this into a few main categories, and will explain below. I will regularly update this post and keep it linked on the left sidebar as different ad programs may be added and/or deleted.

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January 5, 2006

Rights of the Government to Impose Air Security Measures

Strap yourselves in, folks, this is gonna be a long one… Due to length, I’ve decided to post most of it below the fold. (Cross-posted at The Liberty Papers)

In response to my piece, Common Sense Offends ACLU, addressing the ACLU’s opposition towards the behavioral screening procedures imposed by the TSA in certain airports, commenter John Newman brought up some questions. John believes that federalizing aviation security matters is Unconstitutional. He advances two particular arguments.

His first argument discusses the Constitution’s “fundamental right to travel”. It mainly consists of picking quotes from Supreme Court cases upholding the fundamental right of travel. I will first mention that the fundamental right of travel is not once mentioned in the Constitution, but may be built from penumbras emanating from some such or the like. But that’s not the crux of the argument. See the following quotes from John’s own selections of court cases (emphasis added below in italics):

require that all citizens be free to travel throughout the length and breadth of our land uninhibited by statutes, rules or regulations which unreasonably burden or restrict this movement

‘any classification which serves to penalize the exercise of that right unless shown to be necessary to promote a compelling governmental interest, is unconstitutional’

The right to travel, to go from place to place as the means of transportation permit, is a natural right subject to the rights of others and to reasonable regulation under law

fundamental personal right that can be impinged only if to do so is necessary to promote a compelling governmental interest

a ‘fundamental’ one, requiring the showing of a ‘compelling state or local interest to warrant its limitation”

At the minimum, governmental restrictions upon freedom to travel are to be weighed against the necessity advanced to justify them, and a restriction that burdens the right to travel ‘too broadly and indiscriminately’ cannot be sustained

is basically the right to travel unrestricted by unreasonable government interference or regulation

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